GNU is the only operating system developed specifically to give its users freedom. What is GNU, and what freedom is at stake?
What is GNU?
刀塔自走棋手游什么时候出 www.zvajc.icu GNU is an operating system that is free software—that is, it respects users' freedom. The GNU operating system consists of GNU packages (programs specifically released by the GNU Project) as well as free software released by third parties. The development of GNU made it possible to use a computer without software that would trample your freedom.
|Trisquel 8 & MATE||Guix & GNOME 3||PureOS 8 & GNOME 3|
What is the Free Software Movement?
The free software movement campaigns to win for the users of computing the freedom that comes from free software. Free software puts its users in control of their own computing. Nonfree software puts its users under the power of the software's developer. See the video explanation.
What is Free Software?
Free software means the users have the freedom to run, copy, distribute, study, change and improve the software.
Free software is a matter of liberty, not price. To understand the concept, you should think of “free” as in “free speech”, not as in “free beer”.
More precisely, free software means users of a program have the four essential freedoms:
- The freedom to run the program as you wish, for any purpose (freedom 0).
- The freedom to study how the program works, and change it so it does your computing as you wish (freedom 1). Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
- The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help others (freedom 2).
- The freedom to distribute copies of your modified versions to others (freedom 3). By doing this you can give the whole community a chance to benefit from your changes. Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
Developments in technology and network use have made these freedoms even more important now than they were in 1983.
More about GNU
GNU is a Unix-like operating system. That means it is a collection of many programs: applications, libraries, developer tools, even games. The development of GNU, started in January 1984, is known as the GNU Project. Many of the programs in GNU are released under the auspices of the GNU Project; those we call GNU packages.
The name “GNU” is a recursive acronym for “GNU's Not Unix.” “GNU” is pronounced g'noo, as one syllable, like saying “grew” but replacing the r with n.
The program in a Unix-like system that allocates machine resources and talks to the hardware is called the “kernel”. GNU is typically used with a kernel called Linux. This combination is the GNU/Linux operating system. GNU/Linux is used by millions, though many call it “Linux” by mistake.
GNU's own kernel, The Hurd, was started in 1990 (before Linux was started). Volunteers continue developing the Hurd because it is an interesting technical project.
Richard Stallman - "Computing, freedom, and privacy" (Brno, Czech Republic): The way digital technology is developing, it threatens our freedom, within our computers and in the inte...
lightening run-time code generation: The upcoming Guile 3 release will have just-in-time native code generation. Finally, amirite? There's lots that I'd like to share about that and I...
GNU?Guile 2.9.2 (beta) released: We are delighted to announce GNU?Guile 2.9.2, the second beta release in preparation for the upcoming 3.0 stable series. See the release announcement for full...
- Support the efforts on net neutrality in the USA, and in your home country.
- Defend privacy, and support global copyright reform with LQDN.
- Support current FSF campaigns.
- Fight against software patents: worldwide, and in Europe.
Can you contribute to any of these High Priority Areas?
- Free phone operating system,
- decentralization, federation and self-hosting,
- free drivers, firmware and hardware designs,
- real-time voice and video chat,
- encourage contribution by people underrepresented in the community,
- and more.
Can you help maintain a GNU package?
- cfengine, freetalk, halifax, mcron, quickthreads, are all looking for maintainers.
- Also, these packages are looking for co-maintainers: aspell, bison, gnuae, gnubik, metaexchange, powerguru, xboard.
See the package web pages for more information.
Today's random package…